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বৃহস্পতিবার, ৩০ মার্চ ২০২৩, ০২:১১ অপরাহ্ন
প্রতিটি জেলা উপজেলায় প্রতিনিধি নিয়োগ চলছে।

Whenever reproduction chickens, it is helpful to understand this certain significant observable qualities exists in a number of birds

  • আপডেট সময়ঃ বুধবার, ১৯ অক্টোবর, ২০২২
  • ৪১ বার

Whenever reproduction chickens, it is helpful to understand this certain significant observable qualities exists in a number of birds

Genes Off Brush Kind of

Chickens have a large range out-of brush products, once the shown inside the Contour 2. Brand new genes from brush variety of chickens try typically high. Gregory Johann Mendel is considered the father out of family genes. His work on peas led to the theory one to genes handle additional actual attributes. Building about idea, William Bateson made use of brush brand of birds showing that family genes apply at pets also.

Comb type in birds essentially is actually subject to a few different genes on the a couple different chromosomes. A person is the new flower brush gene (depicted by the letter R ), therefore the almost every other ‘s the pea brush gene (illustrated by page P ). A presence of the gene is portrayed of the uppercase letter; a lack of the brand new gene is illustrated from the lowercase page. Both flower brush gene and pea comb gene can be go to town on the heterozygous county. That is, only one backup of your own flower brush gene or perhaps the pea brush gene is sufficient regarding types of brush to occur. Ergo, each other family genes should be thought of as prominent genes.

  • Whenever at least one content of the rose brush gene is actually establish as well as the pea brush gene is absent, as a result, a flower comb. Simply put, a poultry with a rose comb possess 1 of 2 it is possible to gene combos: RRpp otherwise Rrpp.
  • Whenever a minumum of one copy of your own pea brush gene try present and also the rose brush gene is absent, the result is a great pea brush. A poultry which have an excellent pea brush keeps 1 of 2 possible gene combinations: rrPP otherwise rrPp.
  • Whenever one or more duplicate each and every gene can be found, as a result, an excellent walnut brush. A chicken with a walnut comb has actually certainly four you are able to gene combos: RRPP, RrPP, RRPp, otherwise RrPp.
  • Whenever both family genes is actually absent, the result is just one brush. A poultry that have an individual comb gets the only you can gene combination: rrpp.

To help comprehend the family genes out-of comb particular, consider the results of breeding specific birds. Instance, what happens when the a turkey one types correct to own pea brush (that is, a chicken with the gene integration rrPP) is entered which have a poultry you to breeds correct for rose comb (that is, a turkey with the gene consolidation RRpp)? Since for each moms and dad leads to the fresh new children one each one of the 2 genetics you to control brush type, the actual only real you can gene pair that mother or father one to types genuine to own rose comb is give is actually Rp. Likewise, really the only possible gene couple your father or mother one to breeds true to possess pea comb can be contribute try rP. Brand new young ones, although not, would not breed real to possess walnut combs; that is, birds that have walnut combs bred so you’re able to birds which have walnut combs could develop youngsters together with other comb designs.

Consequently, due to the fact shown in Contour 3, all kiddies of such as a beneficial mating would have new heterozygous county for genetics (which is, RrPp) and you will would therefore has walnut combs

Exploring then, when the a couple of youngsters represented in the Figure 3 are entered, the number of possible combinations out-of family genes grows. For each and every mother you can expect to contribute certainly four you are able to gene combos, leading to sixteen hereditary combinations on kiddies. Of the as a result of the phenotype regarding the for each and every more genotype combination, you might determine the odds of a particular brush occurring within the the young ones. Because revealed from inside the Contour 4, there would be good 9/16 opportunity for an excellent walnut brush, a good step 3/16 chance of a rose brush, a beneficial step 3/16 window of opportunity for a beneficial pea brush, and you can a-1/sixteen opportunity for a single comb migliori siti incontri uniforme.

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